An otolaryngologist, is a medical doctor trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck.
Common conditions and pathologies addressed by otolaryngologists include vocal cord polyps, cysts, nodules, sinus disorders, laryngeal cancer, palpillomas (growths which may or may not be benign), and voice misuse/abuse/overuse syndromes. In addition, otolaryngologists manage diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
Hearing loss, which affects one in ten North Americans, is a common condition addressed by otolaryngologists. They are trained in both the medical and surgical treatment of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), nerve pain and facial and cranial nerve disorders.
Another frequent complaint addressed by otolaryngologists is chronic sinusitis which affects about 35 million people. Management of the nasal area includes allergies and sense of smell.